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3-5: Rondo with B-A-G

by Beth Younts, Learn NC

Students will read letter and rhythmic notation of the song “Hot Cross Buns,” compose a phrase using notes B,A,G, and perform the song as the “A” section of a rondo form.

A lesson plan for Grades 3–5 Music Education

Students will:

  • play “Hot Cross Buns” on melody bells using letter and rhythm notation.
  • compose a new phrase to the rhythm of “Hot Cross Buns” using B-A-G.
  • perform the song and “composed” phrases in rondo form.
  • watch the teacher for conducting cues and perform together as a group.

Time required for lesson: 60 Minutes


  • Rhythm and letter names of “Hot Cross Buns” on chart or board.
  • Rhythm only on chart or board.
  • Melody bells and mallet shared by two students.
  • An 8 1/2″ × 14″ copy of the rhythmic notation of the song and a pencil for each child.
  • Chalkboard or dry erase board.
  • Shapes labeled appropriately for rondo form.
  • Chalk or marker.


  • Students will sing “Hot Cross Buns” with words and in solfa. They will dictate rhythm to teacher who will notate it on the board.
  • Teacher will explain that “do” or the home tone will be on the letter “G,” “re” will be on “A,” and “mi” will be on “B.”
  • Students will learn the correct way to bounce the mallet on the bell.
  • Students will understand practice cues: o “mallets in the air” until ready to play o teacher clapping – everyone stops and listens
  • Teacher will arrange melody bells and mallet (one for two students), pencil and 8 1/2"x 11" paper with rhythm pattern of song.


1. Students will sit with a partner at a melody bell with paper and pencils in place.

2. Students will play the song reading letter names, taking turns with their partner.

3. Teacher will demonstrate composing a new phrase using B-A-G and the rhythm pattern of the song.

4. Teacher will write “new” phrase under the rhythm pattern on the board.

5. Each student will be given four to five minutes to compose a new phrase and write the letters under the rhythm pattern on his/her paper.

6. Students are encouraged to listen to and help their partner.

7. Teacher reminds students of good audience behavior.

8. Students will perform their phrase for the class.

9. Teacher will display rondo form on board using shapes.

10. Teacher will assign “B” and “C” sections to individuals and allow them practice time with cues.

11. Students will practice “A” section following cues of teacher.

12. Students will perform rondo.


  • Teacher will observe to see if: o students play correct notes and rhythms of the song and composed phrase. o students, as a group and individually, play at the appropriate time at the cue of the teacher
  • Class will identify characteristics of rondo form.

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